Chemosynthesis is the oldest way for organisms to produce food in the oceans or hot lakes, chemosynthetic bacteria constitute the basis of an ecosystem, where bacteria live in the mud of the ocean floor or inside larger animals, such as snails or limpets. An example of chemosynthetic bacteria is thermodesulfovibrio yellowstonii these bacteria are found in yellowstone lake thermal vents and are thermophilic chemosynthetic bacteria other species that love in yellowstone lake are gammaproteobacteria these live at the temperatures of 86 to 93 degrees.
The yellow sulfur granules are visible in the cytoplasm of bacteria that perform the reaction another example of chemosynthesis was discovered in 2013 when bacteria were found living in basalt below the sediment of the ocean floor.
The energy source for chemosynthesis may be elemental sulfur, hydrogen sulfide, molecular hydrogen, ammonia, manganese, or iron examples of chemoautotrophs include bacteria and methanogenic archaea living in deep see vents. Chemosynthesis is a procedure certain life forms use to acquire vitality for the creation of sustenance, much the same as photosynthesis, yet without the utilization of daylight the vitality originates from the oxidization of inorganic chemicals.
Algae, phytoplankton, and some bacteria also perform photosynthesis some rare autotrophs produce food through a process called chemosynthesis , rather than through photosynthesis autotrophs that perform chemosynthesis do not use energy from the sun to produce food. Oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria perform photosynthesis in a similar manner to plants they contain light-harvesting pigments, absorb carbon dioxide, and release oxygen they contain light-harvesting pigments, absorb carbon dioxide, and release oxygen.
Chemosynthetic bacteria are one type of autotrophic organism, a life form that derives its nutrition from nonfood sources the other type of autotroph is the photosynthetic organism, which includes most plants and some kinds of bacteria photosynthetic organisms create nutrients using light. Chemosynthesis is the use of energy released by inorganic chemical reactions to produce food chemosynthesis is at the heart of deep-sea communities, sustaining life in absolute darkness, where sunlight does not penetrate.
Bacteria that make food by chemosynthesis nitrifying bacteria are a type of chemosynthetic bacteria, as are the bacteria that live around vents in the bottom of the ocean. In biochemistry, chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of one or more carbon-containing molecules (usually carbon dioxide or methane) and nutrients into organic matter using the oxidation of inorganic compounds (eg, hydrogen gas, hydrogen sulfide) or methane as a source of energy, rather than sunlight, as in photosynthesis.