The average water availability per person in other geographical regions is about 7,000 m 3 /year, whereas water availability is merely 1,200 m 3 /person/year in the mena region the region has the highest per capita rates of freshwater extraction in the world (804 m 3 /year) and currently exploits over 75 percent of its renewable water resources.
Mena is the region suffering most of water scarcity in the world with approximately 5% of the world’s population, it only has 1% of the world’s renewable water resources this scarcity is caused by arid conditions, low rainfall and high levels of evaporation, leading to limited naturally available water resources. In the area droughts are more frequent, and contribute to the changing landscape the overuse of water in agriculture is affecting the countries' already undersized water resources jordan, located in the syrian desert, and yemen, on the southern tip of the arabian peninsula, both endure severe water scarcity in the middle east. Water scarcity in mena by salman zafar | may 3, 2014 - 5:56 am | may 3, 2014 climate change , middle east , sustainable development the middle east and north africa region is the most water scarce region of the world.
Mena is now capitalizing around 46% of the total desalination capacity in the world (figure 1) figure 1: desalination capacity, by world region, 2016 (the world bank, 2017) it is observed that these high cost-investments, are more preferred compared to other less costly but more complex institutional, organizational and regulatory options which we qualify as “trap of non-conventional water mobilization. Water is scarce in the middle east and north africa (mena) region as allan (2002) noted, the region basically “ran out of water in the 70s” and today depends as much on water from outside the region -- in the form of its food imports, for example -- as on its own renewable water resources. Water scarcity in the mena region with 7% of the global population and only 15% of its renewable water supply, mena is the world’s most water-scarce region2 it is home to 14 of the 33 countries projected to be most water stressed in 20403 - and as shown in figure 1, these include the.
Today, countries in the middle east and north africa (mena) are the most water scarce globally, with per capita freshwater supplies well below the water “poverty” line of 1,000 cubic meters per year (figure 1) arid conditions, low and variable rainfall and high rates of evaporation characterize the natural environment and compound the region’s vulnerability to climate change.
Rapid population growth has exacerbated the water scarcity mena faces while natural factors such as intermittent droughts and limited freshwater reserves can cause scarcity, high population growth imposes additional pressures 2 experts measure water availability in terms of the amount of annual renewable fresh water per person. Water scarcity in the mena area water is the number one necessity of life and its scarcity can cause a huge threat to humankind risking their continues existence on earth this problem is not far from happening as it has started by now in some areas of earth such as somalia and south africa.
The mena is in fact the most water scarce region in the world with approximately 5% of the world’s population, it only has 1% of the world’s renewable water resources this scarcity is caused by a combination of factors. Where water scarcity makes the most impact is in food production eighty-five percent of the water in the mena region is used for irrigation and that is potentially the main area from which the growing urban demand can be met.